About Samir Geagea

The Syrian occupation era in Lebanon: Samir Geagea cell, human rights strongly violated 20 meters underground, forged investigations under terrorism, void trials and suppression of liberties.

Samir Geagea, second leader of the Lebanese Resistance against the Syrian occupation of Lebanon after the death of the President and Martyr Bashir El Gemayel, witnessed a very harsh period of incarceration. He was actually put in the 3rd floor underground in the Ministry of Defense headquarters in Yarze.

Samir Geagea was arrested when a group affiliated to the Syrian intelligence led the operation of the bombing of Saydet El Najat church on the coast of Keserwan. The Syrian intelligence accused therefore Geagea of the bombing, and developed a campaign of a series of arrests against young members in the Lebanese Forces with an aim to subjugate the Lebanese Resistance and bring down the most dangerous man for the repressive Syrian regime in Lebanon Samir Geagea.

The Taef Agreement

The joint Syrian-Lebanese Security Forces led a series of arrests and suppressed Lebanese Forces members and prevented them from participating in the State establishment process post-Taef agreement. In this context, the wife of Samir Geagea was also persecuted and her house located in Keserwan was surrounded by Security Forces, and guests’ mobility was also prevented, which made her life impossible.

Hafez El Assad, then his son Bachar, feared the strong-minded Geagea, considering him the one and only man who stood against them since his uprising against Assad in 1986, and his abolition of the Tripartite Agreement that enables Assad to put his grip on Lebanon.

Within the two years when Geagea governed the liberated regions known in the time of war (1986-1988) as the “Sharqya” (the Eastern region), he has redeveloped the Lebanese Forces military base that was randomly destroyed by the bad governance of President Amin El Gemayel. He managed in a record time to establish a huge and organized force of confrontation and defense of Lebanon and the Christian existence. However, this period ended soon with the transfer of power to the Army Chief by then General Michel Aoun who was appointed as the transitional government Premier. The latter sought to give political credits to Assad to the detriment of Samir Geagea, hoping to have access to the Lebanese Republic Presidency.

Aoun attacked the Lebanese Forces on February 14th 1989 in an attempt to please the Syrians; yet, he did not convince them to pressure their allies to elect him President of the Republic. They told him: “This is not enough”. Aoun therefore considered that Assad was tricking him, and fought him via the Lebanese Army. This happened one month after he attacked the Lebanese Forces on March 14th 1989, in the spirit of a useless unorganized war known as the “liberation war” where the Lebanese Forces were obliged to support Aoun.

The war ended with Aoun’s failure and the signature of Taef Agreement. He thus turned against Geagea and attacked him once again in January 1990 and sought to control the Eastern regions that were not under Assad’s control. Aoun failed once again and Geagea was able to protect the majority of these regions. Aoun’s file was closed internationally and regionally on October 13th, 1990, and Assad army dominated his regions in an attempt to eliminate his most dangerous enemy Samir Geagea and bring him down.

Imprisonment

Geagea was incarcerated for 11 years with unfair charges of dictatorship in a cell similar to Gulag prisons and with forged accusations similar to the Soviet Union dictators’ trials. However, Geagea, who witnessed a flagrant violation of human rights and subjugation that were only seen in Gulag or Syrian prisons, went out of prison stronger with the strongest Lebanese Christian party at both organizational and administrative levels.

Geagea won for his cause, while Bachar El Assad, the son of his enemy Hafez El Assad, is struggling with his state coming to an end and the suppression of Syrians in a country where its leaders witnessed several accusations the same way Geagea did.

Samir Geagea has reestablished the Lebanese Forces Party on basis of democracy and freedom; his party goes hand in hand with the civilization and the 21st century with recognition to its history starting from resistance, martyrdom, forced political arrest, forged accusations to freedom.